bloat

[13] Bloat has a confused and uncertain history. It seems first to have appeared on the scene in the 13th century as an adjective, blout, meaning ‘soft, flabby’, a probable borrowing from Old Norse blautr ‘soft from being cooked 65 bluestocking with liquid’. This occurs only once, and does not resurface until the early 17th century, in Hamlet as it happens, as blowt: ‘Let the blowt king tempt you again to bed’. This appears to be the same word as turns up slightly later in the century as bloat, its meaning showing signs of changing from ‘flabby’ to ‘puffed up’. Then in the 1660s we encounter bloated ‘puffed up, swollen’, which paved the way for the verb bloat, first recorded in the 1670s. It is not clear whether bloater [19] comes from the same source. Its linguistic ancestor is the bloat herring [16], which may perhaps have been given its name on the grounds that herrings preserved by light smoking are plumper than those fully dried.

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

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  • Bloat — is a medical condition in which the stomach becomes overstretched by excessive gas content. It is also commonly referred to as torsion, gastric torsion, and gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV) when the stomach is also twisted. The word bloat is… …   Wikipedia

  • bloat — bloat; bloat·ed·ness; bloat·ed; bloat·er; …   English syllables

  • bloat — blōt vt : to make turgid: a) to produce edema in b) to cause or result in accumulation of gas in the digestive tract of <cucumbers sometimes bloat me> c) to cause abdominal distension in vi to become turgid bloat n 1) a digestive… …   Medical dictionary

  • Bloat — (bl[=o]t), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Bloated}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Bloating}.] [Cf. Icel. blotna to become soft, blautr soft, wet, Sw. bl[ o]t soft, bl[ o]ta to soak; akin to G. bloss bare, and AS. ble[ a]t wretched; or perh. fr. root of Eng. 5th blow.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bloat — Bloat, v. i. To grow turgid as by effusion of liquid in the cellular tissue; to puff out; to swell. Arbuthnot. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bloat — Bloat, a. Bloated. [R.] Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bloat — Bloat, n. A term of contempt for a worthless, dissipated fellow. [Slang] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bloat — Bloat, v. t. To dry (herrings) in smoke. See {Blote}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bloat — index inflate, spread Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • bloat — [v] blow up like a balloon balloon, belly, bilge, billow, dilate, distend, enlarge, expand, inflate, puff up, swell; concepts 184,208 Ant. deflate, shrink, shrivel, tighten …   New thesaurus

  • bloat — ► VERB ▪ cause to swell with fluid or gas. DERIVATIVES bloated adjective. ORIGIN perhaps from an Old Norse word meaning soft, flabby …   English terms dictionary

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